González, G., Fujita, E., Shibazaki, B., Hayashida, T., Chiodini, G., Lucchi, F., Yokoyama, I., Nemeth, K., Mora-Amador, R., Moya, A., Chigna, G., Martí, J., & Rouwet, D. (2021). Increment in the volcanic unrest and number of eruptions after the 2012 large earthquakes sequence in Central America. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 22417. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-01725-1
Understanding the relationship cause/effect between tectonic earthquakes and volcanic eruptions is a striking topic in Earth Sciences. Volcanoes erupt with variable reaction times as a consequence of the impact of seismic waves (i.e. dynamic stress) and changes in the stress field (i.e. static stress). In 2012, three large (Mw ≥ 7.3) subduction earthquakes struck Central America within a period of 10 weeks; subsequently, some volcanoes in the region erupted a few days after, while others took months or even years to erupt. Here, we show that these three earthquakes contributed to the increase in the number of volcanic eruptions during the 7 years that followed these seismic events. We found that only those volcanoes that were already in a critical state of unrest eventually erupted, which indicates that the earthquakes only prompted the eruptions. Therefore, we recommend the permanent monitoring of active volcanoes to reveal which are more susceptible to culminate into eruption in the aftermath of the next large-magnitude earthquake hits a region.