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Teaching tools and resources to explain the climate change in classroom

Santiago Giralt gave the talk “The study of climate and climate change” on November 26. The talk, which was held online, was atended by 35 participants. This activity is part of the Open STEAM teaching innovation workshops that help teachers to updat... Read more

30-11-2020 Institutional News

AGU Fall meeting 2020: Shaping the Future of Science

American Geophysical Union meeting (AGU Fall Meeting) is back. This year the conferences will be held online from 1 to 17 of December. AGU20 is scheduled over a thousand hours of virtual content to minimize conflicts while maximizing global engageme... Read more

27-11-2020 Research News

Modelling the chemical composition and thermal structure of the Western Mediterranean lithosphere by integrating data across diciplines

Ajay Kumar successfully defended his Ph. D. thesis online last 24 November. The thesis, entitled "Thermal and chemical imaging of the upper mantle anomalies: application to Western Mediterranean" has been directed by Manel Fernández and Jaume Vergés... Read more

25-11-2020 Research News

GEO3BCN acquires a new electronic microscope

Geosciences Barcelona has expanded its catalogue of scientific equipment acquiring a new tabletop electronic microscope (Hitachi TM4000PLUSII). This new device enables researchers to observe rock samples and it can also be used to image a wide range ... Read more

23-11-2020 Research News

Two PhD research opportunities for the FPU 2020 grants

The call for applications for the Training of University Professors grants (FPU 2020) awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Universities is now open. In the framework of this call, GEO3BCN-CSIC researchers offer two PhD research proposals. ... Read more

18-11-2020 Research News

Cutting edge technologies for mineral exploration discussed in the SIT4ME project workshop

The demand for mineral resources to meet current societal needs has been steadily increasing over last years. Mineral exploration, the first step of the raw materials cycle, is facing a great challenge because the shallow and easily accessible minera... Read more

13-11-2020 Research News

MinerMat 2020: Minerals, materials, environment and sustainable development

Expominer outreach talks and workshops will be held online this year under the name of MinterMat 2020.There are 16 talks and workshops scheduled that will be carried out by researchers from several institutions like Geociencias Barcelona (GEO3BCN-CSI... Read more

09-11-2020 Institutional News

New special issue on mineral exploration in preparation

Ramon Carbonell and Juan Alcalde, both researchers at GEO3BCN-CSIC, are part of the editorial team that is preparing a special issue for the journal Solid Earth that seeks to provide a wide-ranging panorama of the mineral exploration. This volume is ... Read more

06-11-2020 Research News

"Virtual rocks" to resolve the enigma of C' shear band formation and evolution

C' shear bands are a common feature in nature and they are widely used as kinematic indicators to study deformation processes of rocks in the deep parts of the Earth's crust. However, there is little consensus about how they form. Now, using numerica... Read more

02-11-2020 Research News

Study identifies the main obstacles to reconstruction of modes of climate variability through the Holocene

North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the major atmospheric mode that controls winter European climate variability. Its strength and phase determine regional temperatures, precipitation and storm tracks in this part of the planet and around a large par... Read more

26-10-2020 Research News

María José Jurado will compete for the EIT Innovation Award 2020

María Jose Jurado, researcher at Geosciences Barcelona-CSIC (GEO3BCN-CSIC), has been nominated for the EIT Innovation Award 2020 for her work on INNOLOG project. Jurado is the PI and coordinator of the project that started in 2017 aimed to develop mo... Read more

22-10-2020 Research News

Two pictures taken by Santiago Giralt featured in the book 'Images of Arctic Science'

Two pictures taken by Santiago Giralt during a fieldwork campaign in Greenland in 2019 have been featured in the book 'Images of Arctic Science'. The book presents the best photos submitted to the 'INTERACT Photo Competition' organized by INTERACT, a... Read more

19-10-2020 Institutional News

The second edition of the Technical Workshop on Geoenergy in Catalonia will be focused on the use of geothermal energy within the cities

  The second edition of the Technical Workshop on Geoenergy in Catalonia will be held online next 6th and 13rth of November. The Geothermal Working Group of the Cluster of Efficient Energy in Catalonia, of which GEO3BCN-CSIC is an active member... Read more

15-10-2020 Institutional News

Special issue on crystal deformation research coedited by Maria Gema Llorens

Maria Gema Llorens, Juan de la Cierva researcher at Geosciences Barcelona - CSIC (GEO3BCN-CSIC), is one of the guest editors of the special issue entitled 'Crystal Deformation' run by the journal Crystals, along with Brahmananda Pramanik, Ph.D., P.E... Read more

13-10-2020 Research News

Irene Pérez Cáceres participates in the "Outono Xelóxico"

Irene Pérez Cáceres, researcher at GEO3BCN-CSIC, has participated in the first edition of “Outono Xeolóxico” (Geological Autumn), an outreach event organized by the Montañas do Courel Geopark (Galicia). Last 4 of October, Perez led one of the schedul... Read more

08-10-2020 Institutional News

Glacial lakes hide the Antarctica's climate history

Subglacial lakes, hidden under the Antarctic ice sheets, constitute the opportunity to study the last 20,000 years of evolution of the Antarctica's climate in much more detail. This is one of the main conclusions of the chapter ‘Holocene environmenta... Read more

07-10-2020 Research News

A review of ‘Quaternary ecology, evolution, and biogeography’ featured in Quaternary Science Reviews

November’s volume of Quaternary Science Review publishes a review of the book 'Quaternary ecology, evolution and biogeography', recently written by Valentí Rull, researcher at Geosciences Barcelona - CSIC (GEO3BCN-CSIC). ... Read more

05-10-2020 Institutional News

RawMatCop Academy 2020 will be held online

'RawMatCop Academy, Copernicus for RawMaterials' course will be held online on 13, 15, 20, 22 of October from 9.30 till 13.00 (CET). Application for this course ends on October 2. This course is a joint initiative of EIT RawMaterials and Copernicus a... Read more

30-09-2020 Institutional News

New research accurately dates the Ilopango volcanic eruption (El Salvador) that shocked the Maya’s civilization 1590 years ago

1590 years ago, in 431 CE, the Maya civilisation was laid waste as the Ilopango volcano erupted, killing every living thing within 40 km around the volcano, according to a new study carried out by an international team of scientists and with the part... Read more

28-09-2020 Research News

Datasets de Ciencias de la Tierra en EPOS: un caso práctico de participación en la Nube Europea de Ciencia Abierta

EPOS (European Plate Observing System), proyecto en el que participan varios investigadores de Geociencias Barcelona (GEO3BCN – CSIC), es una de las primeras infraestructuras en sumarse a la Nube Europea de Ciencia Abierta (EOSC, en sus siglas en ing... Read more

01-09-2020 Institutional News

External forcing mechanisms controlling the North Atlantic coastal upwelling regime during the mid-Holocene

Hernández, A., Cachão, M., Sousa, P., Trigo, R. M., Luterbacher, J., Vaquero, J. M., & Freitas, M. C. (2020). External forcing mechanisms controlling the North Atlantic coastal upwelling regime during the mid-Holocene. Geology. https://doi.org/10.1130/G48112.1

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Humid and cold periods in the last 5600 years in Arid Central Asia revealed by palynology of Picea schrenkiana from Issyk-Kul

Leroy, S. A. G., & Giralt, S. R. (2020). Humid and cold periods in the last 5600 years in Arid Central Asia revealed by palynology of Picea schrenkiana from Issyk-Kul. The Holocene, 0959683620972776. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683620972776

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Influence of tubing/oil-blanket lifting on construction and geometries of two-well-horizontal salt caverns

Wan, J., Peng, T., Yuan, G., Ban, F., Jurado, M. J., & Xia, Y. (2020). Influence of tubing/oil-blanket lifting on construction and geometries of two-well-horizontal salt caverns. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 103688. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tust.2020.103688

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Pliocene growth of the Dowlatabad syncline in Frontal Fars arc: Folding propagation across the Zagros Fold Belt, Iran

Najafi, M., Beamud, E., Ruh, J., Mouthereau, F., Tahmasbi, A., Bernaola, G., Yassaghi, A., Motamedi, H., Sherkati, S., Hassan Goodarzi, M. G., & Vergés, J. (2020). Pliocene growth of the Dowlatabad syncline in Frontal Fars arc: Folding propagation across the Zagros Fold Belt, Iran. GSA Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1130/B35748.1

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The Anthropozoic era revisited

Rull, V. (2020).The Anthropozoic era revisited. Lethaia, https://doi.org/10.1111/let.12408 Vol. 000, pp. 1– 11.

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Underwater Monitoring of Submarine Volcanic Activity: El Hierro (Canary Islands 2011–2012) Eruption

Jurado, Maria Jose, Maurizio Ripepe, Carmen Lopez, Antonio Ricciardi, Maria Jose Blanco, and Giorgio Lacanna. 2020. “Underwater Monitoring of Submarine Volcanic Activity: El Hierro (Canary Islands 2011–2012) Eruption.” Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 107097. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2020.107097.

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Seismic Anisotropy of Temperate Ice in Polar Ice Sheets

Llorens, M.G., Griera, A., Bons, P. D., Gomez-Rivas, E., Weikusat, I., Prior, D. J., et al. (2020). Seismic anisotropy of temperate ice in polar ice sheets. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 125, e2020JF005714. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JF005714

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Evolution of a salt-rich transtensional rifted margin, eastern North Pyrenees, France

Ford, M., & Vergés, J. (2020). Evolution of a salt-rich transtensional rifted margin, eastern North Pyrenees, France. Journal of the Geological Society, jgs2019-157. https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs2019-157

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Detection, Analysis, and Removal of Glitches From InSight's Seismic Data From Mars

Scholz, J.-R.aEmail Author, Widmer-Schnidrig, R.b, Davis, P.c, Lognonné, P.d, Pinot, B.e, Garcia, R.F.e, Hurst, K.f, Pou, L.g, Nimmo, F.g, Barkaoui, S.d, de Raucourt, S.d, Knapmeyer-Endrun, B.h, Knapmeyer, M.i, Orhand-Mainsant, G.e, Compaire, N.e, Cuvier, A.j, Beucler, É.j, Bonnin, M.j, Joshi, R.a, Sainton, G.d, Stutzmann, E.d, Schimmel, M.k, Horleston, A.l, Böse, M.m, Ceylan, S.n, Clinton, J.m. (2020). Detection, Analysis, and Removal of Glitches From InSight’s Seismic Data From Mars. Earth and Space Science, 7(11). https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EA001317

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Pristinity, degradation and replacement: The three dimensions of human impact on island vegetation

Rull V. Pristinity, degradation and replacement: The three dimensions of human impact on island vegetation. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment. October 2020. doi:10.1177/0309133320960992

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Identification, cataloguing and preservation of outcrops of geological interest in monogenetic volcanic fields: the case of La Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park

Planagumà, L., Martí, J. Identification, cataloguing and preservation of outcrops of geological interest in monogenetic volcanic fields: the case of La Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park. Geoheritage 12, 84 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12371-020-00508-w

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Paleoenvironmental evolution of Picos de Europa (Spain) during marine isotopic stages 5c to 3 combining glacial reconstruction, cave sedimentology and paleontological findings

Ballesteros, D., Álvarez-Vena, A., Monod-Del Dago, M., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, L., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Álvarez-Lao, D., Pérez-Mejías, C., Valenzuela, P., DeFelipe, I., Laplana, C., Cheng, H., & Jiménez-Sánchez, M. (2020). Paleoenvironmental evolution of Picos de Europa (Spain) during marine isotopic stages 5c to 3 combining glacial reconstruction, cave sedimentology and paleontological findings. Quaternary Science Reviews, 248, 106581. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106581

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Geochemical and Sr–Nd Isotopic Features of the Zaro Volcanic Complex: Insights on the Magmatic Processes Triggering a Small-Scale Prehistoric Eruption at Ischia Island (South Italy)

Pelullo, C, G Cirillo, R S Iovine, I Arienzo, M Aulinas, L Pappalardo, P Petrosino, J L Fernandez-Turiel, and M D’Antonio. 2020. “Geochemical and Sr–Nd Isotopic Features of the Zaro Volcanic Complex: Insights on the Magmatic Processes Triggering a Small-Scale Prehistoric Eruption at Ischia Island (South Italy).” International Journal of Earth Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00531-020-01933-6.

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The magnitude and impact of the 431 CE Terra Blanca Jove eruption of Ilopango, El Salvador.

Smith, V., et a l'(2020)., The magnitude and impact of the 431 CE Terra Blanca Jove eruption of Ilopango, El Salvador. PNAS. doi: https://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.2003008117

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The lithospheric structure of the Gibraltar Arc System from wide‐angle seismic data

Gómez de la Peña, L., Grevemeyer, I., Kopp, H., Díaz, J., Gallart, J., Booth‐Rea, G., et al. (2020). The lithospheric structure of the Gibraltar Arc System from wide‐angle seismic data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2020JB019854. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JB019854

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A 2,000-year Bayesian NAO reconstruction from the Iberian Peninsula

Hernández, A., Sánchez-López, G., Pla-Rabes, S. et al. A 2,000-year Bayesian NAO reconstruction from the Iberian Peninsula. Sci Rep 10, 14961 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71372-5

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Quantifying deformation processes in the SE Pyrenees using U–Pb dating of fracture-filling calcites

Cruset, D., Vergés, J., Albert, R., Gerdes, A., Benedicto, A., Cantarero, I., & Travé, A. (2020). Quantifying deformation processes in the SE Pyrenees using U–Pb dating of fracture-filling calcites. Journal of the Geological Society, 177(6), 1186 LP – 1196. https://doi.org/10.1144/jgs2020-014

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A single-stage megaflood at the termination of the Messinian salinity crisis: Geophysical and modelling evidence from the eastern Mediterranean Basin

Spatola, D., del Moral-Erencia, J. D., Micallef, A., Camerlenghi, A., Garcia-Castellanos, D., Gupta, S., Bohorquez, P., Gutscher, M.-A., & Bertoni, C. (2020). A single-stage megaflood at the termination of the Messinian salinity crisis: Geophysical and modelling evidence from the eastern Mediterranean Basin. Marine Geology, 430, 106337. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2020.106337

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Pressure dependence of the interlayer and intralayer E2g Raman-active modes of hexagonal BN up to the wurtzite phase transition

Cuscó, R., Pellicer-Porres, J., Edgar, J. H., Li, J., Segura, A., & Artús, L. (2020). Pressure dependence of the interlayer and intralayer ${E}_{2g}$ Raman-active modes of hexagonal BN up to the wurtzite phase transition. Physical Review B, 102(7), 75206. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.102.075206

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Dates and rates of endo-exorheic drainage development: Insights from fluvial terraces (Duero River, Iberian Peninsula)

Rodríguez-Rodríguez, L., Antón, L., Rodés, Á., Pallàs, R., García-Castellanos, D., Jiménez-Munt, I., Struth, L., Leanni, L., Aumaître, G., Bourlès, D., & Keddadouche, K. (2020). Dates and rates of endo-exorheic drainage development: Insights from fluvial terraces (Duero River, Iberian Peninsula). Global and Planetary Change, 193, 103271. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2020.103271

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Open Positions

Höbig, N., R. Mediavilla, L. Gibert, J. I. Santisteban, D. I. Cendón, J. Ibáñez, and K. Reicherter (2016), Palaeohydrological evolution and implications for palaeoclimate since the Late Glacial at Laguna de Fuente de Piedra, southern Spain, Quaternary International, doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2016.02.051.

Here, we present a terrestrial multi-proxy record of Late Quaternary environmental changes in the southern Iberian Peninsula covering approximately 30 ka. This sedimentary record originates from a saline playa lake (Laguna de Fuente de Piedra) hosted within a complex geological setting dominated by Triassic claystones and evaporites, Jurassic carbonates and Miocene deposits leading to a complex hydrogeological setting. Dissolution of evaporites in the catchment and intense evaporation are responsible for saline waters fluctuating in the basin. Thus, salinity as palaeohydrological proxy, requires a decoupling of internal and external hydrogeochemical processes. The greatest accumulation of evaporites in the LFP late Pleistocene-Holocene record coincides with a more humid or, at least, less evaporative, period. Based on multi-proxy data we describe five lacustrine lithofacies (2-5), and fluvial deposits (1) from sediment cores. The proposed conceptual lake margin model contains three main lake water stages repeated within the sedimentary succession and building up the characteristic lithofacies. Lake water stages refer to a flooding stage (influx > outflux), high water stage (influx = outflux), and low water stage (influx < outflux). The lithostratigraphy reveals a palaeohydrological record suggesting climate changes and associated lake level fluctuations. Lake level oscillations of different amplitudes have been identified. Low amplitude changes have been revealed for the periods from 28 ka cal BP to 17.5 ka cal BP and from 8.2 ka cal BP to present, whereas in between (17.5 ka cal BP to 8.2 ka cal BP) the Late Pleistocene/Holocene transition shows high amplitude lake level changes. The latter coincides with an increased influence of saline subsurface waters, due to groundwater level rising (sulfate signature). In contrast, the Holocene, records the low amplitude oscillations and a drop of the groundwater levels, which creates a less saline or fresher footprint in the sediments (carbonate signature). Thus, the periods of low amplitude lake level oscillations, low inputs of clastics and low groundwater levels (drier) coincide with periods of minimal seasonal insolation difference. In contrast, the period of higher amplitude lake level oscillations, higher input of clastics and higher groundwater table (wetter) is correlative to periods of maximum difference between summer and winter insolation.

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